Go back to your assignment 1 (critical review text). Read it again and look for any such assumptions you might have introduced within your text. Ask yourself: is this a fact? How do I know this is a fact? Can I prove this is a fact? Pick one element/argument/proposition which is left without enough explanation and depends on the reader having to “believe” in what you say. If possible, choose an assumption that underpins most of your text.
For example, in one of the texts there is reference to ‘paradox’ in glitch art but without explaining exactly what is meant by that. If this is something that is important, the writer’s task would be to establish this in/through writing by:
– introducing it as an argument and explaining what this paradox is?
– how does it (this paradox) operate?
– is it a general feature of glitch (or glitch art)? if so can you refer to other writers/critics who recognize this paradox.
– if it is something that you have noticed while putting together your collection can you support it with good reason; build good support for your view and consider possible disagreement.
In your own text you might have referred to something else altogether. It might have been a statement about artists’ intentions when making artwork. If you claim that artist’s intention was to comment on contemporary politics (in Alternative Face 1.1) and not simply train the neural network, explain how we know it.
While writing, pay attention to the reader whose task will be to follow and try to understand your argumentation. Make this task easy for the reader by being clear and concise.
The goal of this post is to critically review this review, by looking into what assumptions are made, and further clarifying them, making sure this time around it is not just an assumption, but explained in a reader friendly manner.
So in before-mentioned review I talk about the art piece “The Garden og Emoji Delights” by Carla Gannis. My review focusses on how the emojis are used in the art piece, how the world they are put in is designed to match them, and how they function differently in a picture than in text, which is how I have prior studied emojis.
One big assumption I make is that emojis are text – and that they function as such as icons and symbols. This assumption is made based on my bachelors project where I studied emojis in text-messaging, and looked at how the emojis were read and understood. When I say an emoji has an iconic and symbolic meaning, there obviously needs to be a further distinction of what this is, and what it means in relation to the art piece that I am reviewing.
When I categorize emojis as being icons and symbols, I do this in relation to theory by Pierce, his theory applies to words as icons and symbols as well. An Icon represents what it is referring to by similarity, and I’ll reuse my example; a pig-emoji is an icon for a pig, the meaning you get it “pig”. But it can have other symbolic meanings – other things we humans think up when we see a pig: Somwhing smelly, dirty, pink or cute… These things are what the pig-emoji is then a symbol for.
To dig even deeper an emoji can have a metaphoric -symbolic meaning, which is often seen with the 🍆 example. This here is a icon for an aubergine, and it is a metaphoric symbol for a penis. The reason this is not just a symbol but a metaphoric one, is because the understanding of this is based off of the physical parallel between the aubergine-emoji and a penis. Whereas another just symbolic meaning could be “vegetables”, “purple” or “health” – because it is a vegetable. I truly love this example, because very few Apple users, as far as I know, can look at this emoji and see anything but a girthy dick 🤷♀️
So now that I have defined the emojis as icons and symbols and shown how they mean different things according to how you read them, I want to focus on why emojis to me are text and not pictures.
All signs that you can write; such as any Chinese, Japanese, Latin, Cyrillic sign, INCLUDING the emojis, are digitally based on something called unicode. This means emojis are placed in a category with other text elements defined in a specific way digitally, thus being one of these text elements; a letter, a sign, an emoji. They are via unicode defined as text elements. The unicode describes digitally what is written – theres a code for every letter, sign, emoji ever – and then the font reads this, and renders it readable for the user, fx in Times New Roman or Arial, or Apple emojis or Samsung emojis. So when I question why the artist, Gannis, is using Apple emojis over any other type of emoji, I’m actually asking why the artist chose the font she did, this must be an artistic choice, right? Often the answer will be “because Apple emojis are the most used emoji-font on this planet” – which is the same answer I used when I wrote my bachelors on this subject.
As to review what I actually did in that prior post, I did something I think happens a lot – I assumed that the leanings from my too many hours of research were obvious to the whole world, when in fact most peoples understanding of emojis is not what they are or how they work – which I believe is what the art piece partly comments on – but just that they exist and they potentially spice up a textual conversation. 🌶 yeah…